Eczema is a painful skin condition that is characterized by red, scaly and itchy skin. It can occur on different parts of the body and may sometimes spread across the entire body. Eczema on the face can be difficult to control as it can cause red patches, small bumps and flaking skin. If a person indulges in scratching these surfaces, the skin in that area can become darker, thicker and can also get infected. Doctors or any other skin care experts have not yet been able to ascertain the cause of eczema. They are of the opinion that some people are born with a tendency to get this disease.
There is no permanent cure for eczema, but it comes and goes. One can manage the flare ups on the face or elsewhere after consulting a doctor. Steroid creams are commonly prescribed by doctors for the treatment of eczema and management of flare ups. These are usually prescribed for a certain period. If it does not work, one might need a stronger prescription steroid.
Calcineurin inhibitors – These can be prescribed by some doctors instead of steroid creams. Their main function is to block the chemicals that can induce flare ups in patients suffering from eczema. These are mostly used to treat eczema on the face including eyelids, parts of the neck and skin folds.
Sometimes any yeast ointments or creams are prescribed by doctors in case your eczema gets triggered by a fungal infection. Phototherapy using ultra violet light can help people whose eczema is severe and if the steroid creams stop working.
People suffering from eczema can use the following methods to keep themselves protected
Moisturize – People with eczema on face should prevent their skin from drying out. This can be achieved using thick creams and ointments. One should use them immediately after washing their face.
Clean gently – One can use a gentle non – soap cleanser and wash themselves as soaps can irritate the skin and washing only with water does not clean the face.
Temperature and Humidity – Use cool water to clean your face as hot water can dry it out. Also stay away from places that have very high temperatures as sweat can cause irritations in people suffering from eczema. Air that is either too dry or extremely humid can also cause irritation.
Sun – Exposure to sun can increase flare ups in some people with eczema, while in others it can reduce eczema on the face. One should just decide based on their individual body type.